You are viewing docs on Elastic's new documentation system, currently in technical preview. For all other Elastic docs, visit elastic.co/guide.

Manage data retention

When you set up a synthetic monitor, data from the monitor is saved in Elasticsearch data streams, an append-only structure in Elasticsearch.

There are six data streams recorded by synthetic monitors: http, tcp, icmp, browser, browser.network, browser.screenshot. Elastic will retain data from each data stream for some time period, and the default time period varies by data stream. If you want to reduce the amount of storage required or store data for longer, you can customize how long to retain data for each data stream.

Synthetics data streams

There are six data streams recorded by synthetic monitors:

Data streamData includesDefault retention period
http
The URL that was checked, the status of the check, and any errors that occurred
1 year
tcp
The URL that was checked, the status of the check, and any errors that occurred
1 year
icmp
The URL that was checked, the status of the check, and any errors that occurred
1 year
browser
The URL that was checked, the status of the check, and any errors that occurred
1 year
browser.screenshot
Binary image data used to construct a screenshot and metadata with information related to de-duplicating this data
14 days
browser.network
Detailed metadata around requests for resources required by the pages being checked
14 days

All types of checks record core metadata. Browser-based checks store two additional types of data: network and screenshot documents. These browser-specific indices are usually many times larger than the core metadata. The relative sizes of each vary depending on the sites being checked with network data usually being the larger of the two by a significant factor.

Customize data stream lifecycles

If Synthetics browser data streams are storing data longer than necessary, you can opt to retain data for a shorter period.

To find Synthetics data streams:

  1. Navigate to Project settingsManagementIndex ManagementData Streams.
  2. Filter the list of data streams for those containing the term synthetics.
    1. In the UI there will be three types of browser data streams: synthetics-browser-*, synthetics-browser.network-*, and synthetics-browser.screenshot-*.

Then, you can refer to Tutorial: Customize data retention for integrations to learn how to apply a custom ILM policy to the browser data streams.

On this page