What is an Elastic integration?

This integration is powered by Elastic Agent. Elastic Agent is a single, unified way to add monitoring for logs, metrics, and other types of data to a host. It can also protect hosts from security threats, query data from operating systems, forward data from remote services or hardware, and more. Refer to our documentation for a detailed comparison between Beats and Elastic Agent.

Prefer to use Beats for this use case? See Filebeat modules for logs or Metricbeat modules for metrics.

Overview

The Google Cloud integration collects and parses Google Cloud Audit Logs, VPC Flow Logs, Firewall Rules Logs and Cloud DNS Logs that have been exported from Cloud Logging to a Google Pub/Sub topic sink.

Authentication

To use this Google Cloud Platform (GCP) integration, you need to set up a Service Account with a Role and a Service Account Key to access data on your GCP project.

Service Account

First, you need to create a Service Account. A Service Account (SA) is a particular type of Google account intended to represent a non-human user who needs to access the GCP resources.

The Elastic Agent uses the SA to access data on Google Cloud Platform using the Google APIs.

If you haven't already, this might be a good moment to check out the best practices for securing service accounts guide.

Role

You need to grant your Service Account (SA) access to Google Cloud Platform resources by assigning a role to the account. In order to assign minimal privileges, create a custom role that has only the privileges required by Agent. Those privileges are:

  • pubsub.subscriptions.consume
  • pubsub.subscriptions.create *
  • pubsub.subscriptions.get
  • pubsub.topics.attachSubscription *

* Only required if Agent is expected to create a new subscription. If you create the subscriptions yourself you may omit these privileges.

After you have created the custom role, assign the role to your service account.

Service Account Keys

Now, with your brand new Service Account (SA) with access to Google Cloud Platform (GCP) resources, you need some credentials to associate with it: a Service Account Key.

From the list of SA:

  1. Click the one you just created to open the detailed view.
  2. From the Keys section, click "Add key" > "Create new key" and select JSON as the type.
  3. Download and store the generated private key securely (remember, the private key can't be recovered from GCP if lost).

Configure the Integration Settings

The next step is to configure the general integration settings used for all logs from the supported services (Audit, DNS, Firewall, and VPC Flow).

The "Project Id" and either the "Credentials File" or "Credentials JSON" will need to be provided in the integration UI when adding the Google Cloud Platform integration.

Project Id

The Project Id is the Google Cloud project ID where your resources exist.

Credentials File vs Json

Based on your preference, specify the information in either the Credentials File OR the Credentials JSON field.

Option 1: Credentials File

Save the JSON file with the private key in a secure location of the file system, and make sure that the Elastic Agent has at least read-only privileges to this file.

Specify the file path in the Elastic Agent integration UI in the "Credentials File" field. For example: /home/ubuntu/credentials.json.

Option 2: Credentials JSON

Specify the content of the JSON file you downloaded from Google Cloud Platform directly in the Credentials JSON field in the Elastic Agent integration.

Recommendations

Elastic recommends using Credentials File, as in this method the credential information doesn’t leave your Google Cloud Platform environment. When using Credentials JSON, the integration stores the info in Elasticsearch, and the access is controlled based on policy permissions or access to underlying Elasticsearch data.

Logs Collection Configuration

With a properly configured Service Account and the integration setting in place, it's time to start collecting some logs.

Requirements

You need to create a few dedicated Google Cloud resources before starting, in detail:

  • Log Sink
  • Pub/Sub Topic
  • Subscription

Elastic recommends separate Pub/Sub topics for each of the log types so that they can be parsed and stored in a specific data stream.

Here's an example of collecting Audit Logs using a Pub/Sub topic, a subscription, and a Log Router. We will create the resources in the Google Cloud Console and then configure the Google Cloud Platform integration.

On the Google Cloud Console

At a high level, the steps required are:

  • Visit "Logging" > "Log Router" > "Create Sink" and provide a sink name and description.
  • In "Sink destination", select "Cloud Pub/Sub topic" as the sink service. Select an existing topic or "Create a topic". Note the topic name, as it will be provided in the Topic field in the Elastic agent configuration.
  • If you created a new topic, you must remember to go to that topic and create a subscription for it. A subscription directs messages on a topic to subscribers. Note the "Subscription ID", as it will need to be entered in the "Subscription name" field in the integration settings.
  • Under "Choose logs to include in sink", for example add logName:"cloudaudit.googleapis.com" in the "Inclusion filter" to include all audit logs.

This is just an example; you will need to create your filter expression to select the log types you want to export to the Pub/Sub topic.

More example filters for different log types:

#
# VPC Flow: logs for specific subnet
#
resource.type="gce_subnetwork" AND
log_id("compute.googleapis.com/vpc_flows") AND
resource.labels.subnetwork_name"=[SUBNET_NAME]"

#
# Audit: Google Compute Engine firewall rule deletion
#
resource.type="gce_firewall_rule" AND
log_id("cloudaudit.googleapis.com/activity") AND
protoPayload.methodName:"firewalls.delete"

#
# DNS: all DNS queries
#
resource.type="dns_query"

#
# Firewall: logs for a given country
#
resource.type="gce_subnetwork" AND
log_id("compute.googleapis.com/firewall") AND
jsonPayload.remote_location.country=[COUNTRY_ISO_ALPHA_3]

Start working on your query using the Google Cloud Logs Explorer, so you can preview and pinpoint the exact log types you want to forward to your Elastic Stack.

To learn more, please read how to Build queries in the Logs Explorer, and take a look at the Sample queries using the Logs Explorer page in the Google Cloud docs.

On Kibana

Visit "Management" > "Integrations" > "Installed Integrations" > "Google Cloud Platform" and select the "Integration Policies" tab. Select the integration policy you previously created.

From the list of services, select "Google Cloud Platform (GCP) audit logs (gcp-pubsub)" and:

  • On the "Topic" field, specify the "topic name" you noted before on the Google Cloud Console.
  • On the "Subscription Name", specify the short subscription name you noted before on the Google Cloud Console (note: do NOT use the full-blown subscription name made of project/PROJECT_ID/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID). Just pick the Subscription ID from the Google Cloud Console).
  • Click on "Save Integration", and make sure the Elastic Agent gets the updated policy.

Troubleshooting

If you don't see Audit logs showing up, check the Agent logs to see if there are errors.

Common error types:

  • Missing roles in the Service Account
  • Misconfigured settings, like "Project Id", "Topic" or "Subscription Name" fields

Missing Roles in the Service Account

If your Service Account (SA) does not have the required roles, you might find errors like this one in the elastic_agent.filebeat dataset:

failed to subscribe to pub/sub topic: failed to check if subscription exists: rpc error: code = PermissionDenied desc = User not authorized to perform this action.

Solution: make sure your SA has all the required roles.

Misconfigured Settings

If you specify the wrong "Topic field" or "Subscription Name", you might find errors like this one in the elastic_agent.filebeat dataset:

[elastic_agent.filebeat][error] failed to subscribe to pub/sub topic: failed to check if subscription exists: rpc error: code = InvalidArgument desc = Invalid resource name given (name=projects/project/subscriptions/projects/project/subscriptions/non-existent-sub). Refer to https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/docs/admin#resource_names for more information.

Solution: double check the integration settings.

Logs

Audit

The audit dataset collects audit logs of administrative activities and accesses within your Google Cloud resources.

Exported fields

FieldDescriptionType
@timestamp
Event timestamp.
date
client.user.email
User email address.
keyword
client.user.id
Unique identifier of the user.
keyword
cloud.account.id
The cloud account or organization id used to identify different entities in a multi-tenant environment. Examples: AWS account id, Google Cloud ORG Id, or other unique identifier.
keyword
cloud.availability_zone
Availability zone in which this host is running.
keyword
cloud.image.id
Image ID for the cloud instance.
keyword
cloud.instance.id
Instance ID of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.instance.name
Instance name of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.machine.type
Machine type of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.project.id
Name of the project in Google Cloud.
keyword
cloud.provider
Name of the cloud provider. Example values are aws, azure, gcp, or digitalocean.
keyword
cloud.region
Region in which this host is running.
keyword
container.id
Unique container id.
keyword
container.image.name
Name of the image the container was built on.
keyword
container.labels
Image labels.
object
container.name
Container name.
keyword
container.runtime
Runtime managing this container.
keyword
data_stream.dataset
Data stream dataset.
constant_keyword
data_stream.namespace
Data stream namespace.
constant_keyword
data_stream.type
Data stream type.
constant_keyword
ecs.version
ECS version this event conforms to. ecs.version is a required field and must exist in all events. When querying across multiple indices -- which may conform to slightly different ECS versions -- this field lets integrations adjust to the schema version of the events.
keyword
error.code
Error code describing the error.
keyword
error.message
Error message.
match_only_text
event.action
The action captured by the event. This describes the information in the event. It is more specific than event.category. Examples are group-add, process-started, file-created. The value is normally defined by the implementer.
keyword
event.created
event.created contains the date/time when the event was first read by an agent, or by your pipeline. This field is distinct from @timestamp in that @timestamp typically contain the time extracted from the original event. In most situations, these two timestamps will be slightly different. The difference can be used to calculate the delay between your source generating an event, and the time when your agent first processed it. This can be used to monitor your agent's or pipeline's ability to keep up with your event source. In case the two timestamps are identical, @timestamp should be used.
date
event.dataset
Event dataset
constant_keyword
event.id
Unique ID to describe the event.
keyword
event.ingested
Timestamp when an event arrived in the central data store. This is different from @timestamp, which is when the event originally occurred. It's also different from event.created, which is meant to capture the first time an agent saw the event. In normal conditions, assuming no tampering, the timestamps should chronologically look like this: @timestamp < event.created < event.ingested.
date
event.kind
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the highest level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.kind gives high-level information about what type of information the event contains, without being specific to the contents of the event. For example, values of this field distinguish alert events from metric events. The value of this field can be used to inform how these kinds of events should be handled. They may warrant different retention, different access control, it may also help understand whether the data coming in at a regular interval or not.
keyword
event.module
Event module
constant_keyword
event.original
Raw text message of entire event. Used to demonstrate log integrity or where the full log message (before splitting it up in multiple parts) may be required, e.g. for reindex. This field is not indexed and doc_values are disabled. It cannot be searched, but it can be retrieved from _source. If users wish to override this and index this field, please see Field data types in the Elasticsearch Reference.
keyword
event.outcome
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the lowest level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.outcome simply denotes whether the event represents a success or a failure from the perspective of the entity that produced the event. Note that when a single transaction is described in multiple events, each event may populate different values of event.outcome, according to their perspective. Also note that in the case of a compound event (a single event that contains multiple logical events), this field should be populated with the value that best captures the overall success or failure from the perspective of the event producer. Further note that not all events will have an associated outcome. For example, this field is generally not populated for metric events, events with event.type:info, or any events for which an outcome does not make logical sense.
keyword
gcp.audit.authentication_info.authority_selector
The authority selector specified by the requestor, if any. It is not guaranteed that the principal was allowed to use this authority.
keyword
gcp.audit.authentication_info.principal_email
The email address of the authenticated user making the request.
keyword
gcp.audit.authentication_info.principal_subject
String representation of identity of requesting party. Populated for both first and third party identities. Only present for APIs that support third-party identities.
keyword
gcp.audit.authorization_info.granted
Whether or not authorization for resource and permission was granted.
boolean
gcp.audit.authorization_info.permission
The required IAM permission.
keyword
gcp.audit.authorization_info.resource
The resource being accessed, as a REST-style string.
keyword
gcp.audit.authorization_info.resource_attributes.name
The name of the resource.
keyword
gcp.audit.authorization_info.resource_attributes.service
The name of the service.
keyword
gcp.audit.authorization_info.resource_attributes.type
The type of the resource.
keyword
gcp.audit.labels
A map of key, value pairs that provides additional information about the log entry. The labels can be user-defined or system-defined.
flattened
gcp.audit.logentry_operation.first
Optional. Set this to True if this is the first log entry in the operation.
boolean
gcp.audit.logentry_operation.id
Optional. An arbitrary operation identifier. Log entries with the same identifier are assumed to be part of the same operation.
keyword
gcp.audit.logentry_operation.last
Optional. Set this to True if this is the last log entry in the operation.
boolean
gcp.audit.logentry_operation.producer
Optional. An arbitrary producer identifier. The combination of id and producer must be globally unique.
keyword
gcp.audit.method_name
The name of the service method or operation. For API calls, this should be the name of the API method. For example, 'google.datastore.v1.Datastore.RunQuery'.
keyword
gcp.audit.num_response_items
The number of items returned from a List or Query API method, if applicable.
long
gcp.audit.request
flattened
gcp.audit.request_metadata.caller_ip
The IP address of the caller.
ip
gcp.audit.request_metadata.caller_supplied_user_agent
The user agent of the caller. This information is not authenticated and should be treated accordingly.
keyword
gcp.audit.request_metadata.raw.caller_ip
The raw IP address of the caller.
keyword
gcp.audit.resource_location.current_locations
Current locations of the resource.
array
gcp.audit.resource_name
The resource or collection that is the target of the operation. The name is a scheme-less URI, not including the API service name. For example, 'shelves/SHELF_ID/books'.
keyword
gcp.audit.response
flattened
gcp.audit.service_name
The name of the API service performing the operation. For example, datastore.googleapis.com.
keyword
gcp.audit.status.code
The status code, which should be an enum value of google.rpc.Code.
integer
gcp.audit.status.message
A developer-facing error message, which should be in English. Any user-facing error message should be localized and sent in the google.rpc.Status.details field, or localized by the client.
keyword
gcp.audit.type
Type property.
keyword
gcp.destination.instance.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.instance.region
Region of the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.instance.zone
Zone of the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.vpc.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.vpc.subnetwork_name
Subnetwork on which the VM is operating.
keyword
gcp.destination.vpc.vpc_name
VPC on which the VM is operating.
keyword
gcp.source.instance.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.instance.region
Region of the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.instance.zone
Zone of the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.vpc.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.vpc.subnetwork_name
Subnetwork on which the VM is operating.
keyword
gcp.source.vpc.vpc_name
VPC on which the VM is operating.
keyword
host.architecture
Operating system architecture.
keyword
host.containerized
If the host is a container.
boolean
host.domain
Name of the domain of which the host is a member. For example, on Windows this could be the host's Active Directory domain or NetBIOS domain name. For Linux this could be the domain of the host's LDAP provider.
keyword
host.hostname
Hostname of the host. It normally contains what the hostname command returns on the host machine.
keyword
host.id
Unique host id. As hostname is not always unique, use values that are meaningful in your environment. Example: The current usage of beat.name.
keyword
host.ip
Host ip addresses.
ip
host.mac
Host mac addresses.
keyword
host.name
Name of the host. It can contain what hostname returns on Unix systems, the fully qualified domain name, or a name specified by the user. The sender decides which value to use.
keyword
host.os.build
OS build information.
keyword
host.os.codename
OS codename, if any.
keyword
host.os.family
OS family (such as redhat, debian, freebsd, windows).
keyword
host.os.kernel
Operating system kernel version as a raw string.
keyword
host.os.name
Operating system name, without the version.
keyword
host.os.name.text
Multi-field of host.os.name.
text
host.os.platform
Operating system platform (such centos, ubuntu, windows).
keyword
host.os.version
Operating system version as a raw string.
keyword
host.type
Type of host. For Cloud providers this can be the machine type like t2.medium. If vm, this could be the container, for example, or other information meaningful in your environment.
keyword
input.type
Input type
keyword
log.file.path
Full path to the log file this event came from, including the file name. It should include the drive letter, when appropriate. If the event wasn't read from a log file, do not populate this field.
keyword
log.level
Original log level of the log event. If the source of the event provides a log level or textual severity, this is the one that goes in log.level. If your source doesn't specify one, you may put your event transport's severity here (e.g. Syslog severity). Some examples are warn, err, i, informational.
keyword
log.logger
The name of the logger inside an application. This is usually the name of the class which initialized the logger, or can be a custom name.
keyword
log.offset
Log offset
long
message
For log events the message field contains the log message, optimized for viewing in a log viewer. For structured logs without an original message field, other fields can be concatenated to form a human-readable summary of the event. If multiple messages exist, they can be combined into one message.
match_only_text
orchestrator.api_version
API version being used to carry out the action
keyword
orchestrator.cluster.name
Name of the cluster.
keyword
orchestrator.cluster.url
URL of the API used to manage the cluster.
keyword
orchestrator.cluster.version
The version of the cluster.
keyword
orchestrator.namespace
Namespace in which the action is taking place.
keyword
orchestrator.organization
Organization affected by the event (for multi-tenant orchestrator setups).
keyword
orchestrator.resource.name
Name of the resource being acted upon.
keyword
orchestrator.resource.type
Type of resource being acted upon.
keyword
orchestrator.type
Orchestrator cluster type (e.g. kubernetes, nomad or cloudfoundry).
keyword
service.name
Name of the service data is collected from. The name of the service is normally user given. This allows for distributed services that run on multiple hosts to correlate the related instances based on the name. In the case of Elasticsearch the service.name could contain the cluster name. For Beats the service.name is by default a copy of the service.type field if no name is specified.
keyword
source.address
Some event source addresses are defined ambiguously. The event will sometimes list an IP, a domain or a unix socket. You should always store the raw address in the .address field. Then it should be duplicated to .ip or .domain, depending on which one it is.
keyword
source.as.number
Unique number allocated to the autonomous system. The autonomous system number (ASN) uniquely identifies each network on the Internet.
long
source.as.organization.name
Organization name.
keyword
source.as.organization.name.text
Multi-field of source.as.organization.name.
match_only_text
source.geo.city_name
City name.
keyword
source.geo.continent_name
Name of the continent.
keyword
source.geo.country_iso_code
Country ISO code.
keyword
source.geo.country_name
Country name.
keyword
source.geo.location
Longitude and latitude.
geo_point
source.geo.region_iso_code
Region ISO code.
keyword
source.geo.region_name
Region name.
keyword
source.ip
IP address of the source (IPv4 or IPv6).
ip
tags
List of keywords used to tag each event.
keyword
user.email
User email address.
keyword
user_agent.device.name
Name of the device.
keyword
user_agent.name
Name of the user agent.
keyword
user_agent.original
Unparsed user_agent string.
keyword
user_agent.original.text
Multi-field of user_agent.original.
match_only_text
user_agent.os.family
OS family (such as redhat, debian, freebsd, windows).
keyword
user_agent.os.full
Operating system name, including the version or code name.
keyword
user_agent.os.full.text
Multi-field of user_agent.os.full.
match_only_text
user_agent.os.kernel
Operating system kernel version as a raw string.
keyword
user_agent.os.name
Operating system name, without the version.
keyword
user_agent.os.name.text
Multi-field of user_agent.os.name.
match_only_text
user_agent.os.platform
Operating system platform (such centos, ubuntu, windows).
keyword
user_agent.os.version
Operating system version as a raw string.
keyword
user_agent.version
Version of the user agent.
keyword

An example event for audit looks as following:

{
    "@timestamp": "2019-12-19T00:44:25.051Z",
    "agent": {
        "ephemeral_id": "9edf0b6c-05b7-451e-83ad-13b2a23bf4e5",
        "id": "08bce509-f1bf-4b71-8b6b-b8965e7a733b",
        "name": "docker-fleet-agent",
        "type": "filebeat",
        "version": "8.2.3"
    },
    "client": {
        "user": {
            "email": "xxx@xxx.xxx"
        }
    },
    "cloud": {
        "project": {
            "id": "elastic-beats"
        },
        "provider": "gcp"
    },
    "data_stream": {
        "dataset": "gcp.audit",
        "namespace": "ep",
        "type": "logs"
    },
    "ecs": {
        "version": "8.3.0"
    },
    "elastic_agent": {
        "id": "08bce509-f1bf-4b71-8b6b-b8965e7a733b",
        "snapshot": false,
        "version": "8.2.3"
    },
    "event": {
        "action": "beta.compute.instances.aggregatedList",
        "agent_id_status": "verified",
        "category": [
            "network",
            "configuration"
        ],
        "created": "2022-06-28T02:45:52.230Z",
        "dataset": "gcp.audit",
        "id": "yonau2dg2zi",
        "ingested": "2022-06-28T02:45:53Z",
        "kind": "event",
        "outcome": "success",
        "provider": "data_access",
        "type": [
            "access",
            "allowed"
        ]
    },
    "gcp": {
        "audit": {
            "authorization_info": [
                {
                    "granted": true,
                    "permission": "compute.instances.list",
                    "resource_attributes": {
                        "name": "projects/elastic-beats",
                        "service": "resourcemanager",
                        "type": "resourcemanager.projects"
                    }
                }
            ],
            "num_response_items": 61,
            "request": {
                "@type": "type.googleapis.com/compute.instances.aggregatedList"
            },
            "resource_location": {
                "current_locations": [
                    "global"
                ]
            },
            "resource_name": "projects/elastic-beats/global/instances",
            "response": {
                "@type": "core.k8s.io/v1.Status",
                "apiVersion": "v1",
                "details": {
                    "group": "batch",
                    "kind": "jobs",
                    "name": "gsuite-exporter-1589294700",
                    "uid": "2beff34a-945f-11ea-bacf-42010a80007f"
                },
                "kind": "Status",
                "status_value": "Success"
            },
            "type": "type.googleapis.com/google.cloud.audit.AuditLog"
        }
    },
    "input": {
        "type": "gcp-pubsub"
    },
    "log": {
        "level": "INFO",
        "logger": "projects/elastic-beats/logs/cloudaudit.googleapis.com%2Fdata_access"
    },
    "service": {
        "name": "compute.googleapis.com"
    },
    "source": {
        "ip": "192.168.1.1"
    },
    "tags": [
        "forwarded",
        "gcp-audit"
    ],
    "user_agent": {
        "device": {
            "name": "Mac"
        },
        "name": "Firefox",
        "original": "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.15; rv:71.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/71.0,gzip(gfe),gzip(gfe)",
        "os": {
            "full": "Mac OS X 10.15",
            "name": "Mac OS X",
            "version": "10.15"
        },
        "version": "71.0."
    }
}

Firewall

The firewall dataset collects logs from Firewall Rules in your Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) networks.

Exported fields

FieldDescriptionType
@timestamp
Event timestamp.
date
cloud.account.id
The cloud account or organization id used to identify different entities in a multi-tenant environment. Examples: AWS account id, Google Cloud ORG Id, or other unique identifier.
keyword
cloud.availability_zone
Availability zone in which this host is running.
keyword
cloud.image.id
Image ID for the cloud instance.
keyword
cloud.instance.id
Instance ID of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.instance.name
Instance name of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.machine.type
Machine type of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.project.id
Name of the project in Google Cloud.
keyword
cloud.provider
Name of the cloud provider. Example values are aws, azure, gcp, or digitalocean.
keyword
cloud.region
Region in which this host is running.
keyword
container.id
Unique container id.
keyword
container.image.name
Name of the image the container was built on.
keyword
container.labels
Image labels.
object
container.name
Container name.
keyword
container.runtime
Runtime managing this container.
keyword
data_stream.dataset
Data stream dataset.
constant_keyword
data_stream.namespace
Data stream namespace.
constant_keyword
data_stream.type
Data stream type.
constant_keyword
destination.address
Some event destination addresses are defined ambiguously. The event will sometimes list an IP, a domain or a unix socket. You should always store the raw address in the .address field. Then it should be duplicated to .ip or .domain, depending on which one it is.
keyword
destination.as.number
Unique number allocated to the autonomous system. The autonomous system number (ASN) uniquely identifies each network on the Internet.
long
destination.as.organization.name
Organization name.
keyword
destination.as.organization.name.text
Multi-field of destination.as.organization.name.
match_only_text
destination.domain
The domain name of the destination system. This value may be a host name, a fully qualified domain name, or another host naming format. The value may derive from the original event or be added from enrichment.
keyword
destination.geo.city_name
City name.
keyword
destination.geo.continent_name
Name of the continent.
keyword
destination.geo.country_iso_code
Country ISO code.
keyword
destination.geo.country_name
Country name.
keyword
destination.geo.location
Longitude and latitude.
geo_point
destination.geo.name
User-defined description of a location, at the level of granularity they care about. Could be the name of their data centers, the floor number, if this describes a local physical entity, city names. Not typically used in automated geolocation.
keyword
destination.geo.region_iso_code
Region ISO code.
keyword
destination.geo.region_name
Region name.
keyword
destination.ip
IP address of the destination (IPv4 or IPv6).
ip
destination.port
Port of the destination.
long
ecs.version
ECS version this event conforms to. ecs.version is a required field and must exist in all events. When querying across multiple indices -- which may conform to slightly different ECS versions -- this field lets integrations adjust to the schema version of the events.
keyword
event.action
The action captured by the event. This describes the information in the event. It is more specific than event.category. Examples are group-add, process-started, file-created. The value is normally defined by the implementer.
keyword
event.category
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the second level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.category represents the "big buckets" of ECS categories. For example, filtering on event.category:process yields all events relating to process activity. This field is closely related to event.type, which is used as a subcategory. This field is an array. This will allow proper categorization of some events that fall in multiple categories.
keyword
event.created
event.created contains the date/time when the event was first read by an agent, or by your pipeline. This field is distinct from @timestamp in that @timestamp typically contain the time extracted from the original event. In most situations, these two timestamps will be slightly different. The difference can be used to calculate the delay between your source generating an event, and the time when your agent first processed it. This can be used to monitor your agent's or pipeline's ability to keep up with your event source. In case the two timestamps are identical, @timestamp should be used.
date
event.dataset
Event dataset
constant_keyword
event.id
Unique ID to describe the event.
keyword
event.ingested
Timestamp when an event arrived in the central data store. This is different from @timestamp, which is when the event originally occurred. It's also different from event.created, which is meant to capture the first time an agent saw the event. In normal conditions, assuming no tampering, the timestamps should chronologically look like this: @timestamp < event.created < event.ingested.
date
event.kind
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the highest level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.kind gives high-level information about what type of information the event contains, without being specific to the contents of the event. For example, values of this field distinguish alert events from metric events. The value of this field can be used to inform how these kinds of events should be handled. They may warrant different retention, different access control, it may also help understand whether the data coming in at a regular interval or not.
keyword
event.module
Event module
constant_keyword
event.original
Raw text message of entire event. Used to demonstrate log integrity or where the full log message (before splitting it up in multiple parts) may be required, e.g. for reindex. This field is not indexed and doc_values are disabled. It cannot be searched, but it can be retrieved from _source. If users wish to override this and index this field, please see Field data types in the Elasticsearch Reference.
keyword
event.outcome
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the lowest level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.outcome simply denotes whether the event represents a success or a failure from the perspective of the entity that produced the event. Note that when a single transaction is described in multiple events, each event may populate different values of event.outcome, according to their perspective. Also note that in the case of a compound event (a single event that contains multiple logical events), this field should be populated with the value that best captures the overall success or failure from the perspective of the event producer. Further note that not all events will have an associated outcome. For example, this field is generally not populated for metric events, events with event.type:info, or any events for which an outcome does not make logical sense.
keyword
event.type
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the third level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.type represents a categorization "sub-bucket" that, when used along with the event.category field values, enables filtering events down to a level appropriate for single visualization. This field is an array. This will allow proper categorization of some events that fall in multiple event types.
keyword
gcp.destination.instance.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.instance.region
Region of the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.instance.zone
Zone of the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.vpc.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.vpc.subnetwork_name
Subnetwork on which the VM is operating.
keyword
gcp.destination.vpc.vpc_name
VPC on which the VM is operating.
keyword
gcp.firewall.rule_details.action
Action that the rule performs on match.
keyword
gcp.firewall.rule_details.destination_range
List of destination ranges that the firewall applies to.
keyword
gcp.firewall.rule_details.direction
Direction of traffic that matches this rule.
keyword
gcp.firewall.rule_details.ip_port_info
List of ip protocols and applicable port ranges for rules.
array
gcp.firewall.rule_details.priority
The priority for the firewall rule.
long
gcp.firewall.rule_details.reference
Reference to the firewall rule.
keyword
gcp.firewall.rule_details.source_range
List of source ranges that the firewall rule applies to.
keyword
gcp.firewall.rule_details.source_service_account
List of all the source service accounts that the firewall rule applies to.
keyword
gcp.firewall.rule_details.source_tag
List of all the source tags that the firewall rule applies to.
keyword
gcp.firewall.rule_details.target_service_account
List of all the target service accounts that the firewall rule applies to.
keyword
gcp.firewall.rule_details.target_tag
List of all the target tags that the firewall rule applies to.
keyword
gcp.source.instance.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.instance.region
Region of the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.instance.zone
Zone of the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.vpc.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.vpc.subnetwork_name
Subnetwork on which the VM is operating.
keyword
gcp.source.vpc.vpc_name
VPC on which the VM is operating.
keyword
host.architecture
Operating system architecture.
keyword
host.containerized
If the host is a container.
boolean
host.domain
Name of the domain of which the host is a member. For example, on Windows this could be the host's Active Directory domain or NetBIOS domain name. For Linux this could be the domain of the host's LDAP provider.
keyword
host.hostname
Hostname of the host. It normally contains what the hostname command returns on the host machine.
keyword
host.id
Unique host id. As hostname is not always unique, use values that are meaningful in your environment. Example: The current usage of beat.name.
keyword
host.ip
Host ip addresses.
ip
host.mac
Host mac addresses.
keyword
host.name
Name of the host. It can contain what hostname returns on Unix systems, the fully qualified domain name, or a name specified by the user. The sender decides which value to use.
keyword
host.os.build
OS build information.
keyword
host.os.codename
OS codename, if any.
keyword
host.os.family
OS family (such as redhat, debian, freebsd, windows).
keyword
host.os.kernel
Operating system kernel version as a raw string.
keyword
host.os.name
Operating system name, without the version.
keyword
host.os.name.text
Multi-field of host.os.name.
text
host.os.platform
Operating system platform (such centos, ubuntu, windows).
keyword
host.os.version
Operating system version as a raw string.
keyword
host.type
Type of host. For Cloud providers this can be the machine type like t2.medium. If vm, this could be the container, for example, or other information meaningful in your environment.
keyword
input.type
Input type
keyword
log.file.path
Full path to the log file this event came from, including the file name. It should include the drive letter, when appropriate. If the event wasn't read from a log file, do not populate this field.
keyword
log.logger
The name of the logger inside an application. This is usually the name of the class which initialized the logger, or can be a custom name.
keyword
log.offset
Log offset
long
message
For log events the message field contains the log message, optimized for viewing in a log viewer. For structured logs without an original message field, other fields can be concatenated to form a human-readable summary of the event. If multiple messages exist, they can be combined into one message.
match_only_text
network.community_id
A hash of source and destination IPs and ports, as well as the protocol used in a communication. This is a tool-agnostic standard to identify flows. Learn more at https://github.com/corelight/community-id-spec.
keyword
network.direction
Direction of the network traffic. Recommended values are: * ingress * egress * inbound * outbound * internal * external * unknown When mapping events from a host-based monitoring context, populate this field from the host's point of view, using the values "ingress" or "egress". When mapping events from a network or perimeter-based monitoring context, populate this field from the point of view of the network perimeter, using the values "inbound", "outbound", "internal" or "external". Note that "internal" is not crossing perimeter boundaries, and is meant to describe communication between two hosts within the perimeter. Note also that "external" is meant to describe traffic between two hosts that are external to the perimeter. This could for example be useful for ISPs or VPN service providers.
keyword
network.iana_number
IANA Protocol Number (https://www.iana.org/assignments/protocol-numbers/protocol-numbers.xhtml). Standardized list of protocols. This aligns well with NetFlow and sFlow related logs which use the IANA Protocol Number.
keyword
network.name
Name given by operators to sections of their network.
keyword
network.transport
Same as network.iana_number, but instead using the Keyword name of the transport layer (udp, tcp, ipv6-icmp, etc.) The field value must be normalized to lowercase for querying.
keyword
network.type
In the OSI Model this would be the Network Layer. ipv4, ipv6, ipsec, pim, etc The field value must be normalized to lowercase for querying.
keyword
related.hash
All the hashes seen on your event. Populating this field, then using it to search for hashes can help in situations where you're unsure what the hash algorithm is (and therefore which key name to search).
keyword
related.hosts
All hostnames or other host identifiers seen on your event. Example identifiers include FQDNs, domain names, workstation names, or aliases.
keyword
related.ip
All of the IPs seen on your event.
ip
related.user
All the user names or other user identifiers seen on the event.
keyword
rule.name
The name of the rule or signature generating the event.
keyword
source.address
Some event source addresses are defined ambiguously. The event will sometimes list an IP, a domain or a unix socket. You should always store the raw address in the .address field. Then it should be duplicated to .ip or .domain, depending on which one it is.
keyword
source.as.number
Unique number allocated to the autonomous system. The autonomous system number (ASN) uniquely identifies each network on the Internet.
long
source.as.organization.name
Organization name.
keyword
source.as.organization.name.text
Multi-field of source.as.organization.name.
match_only_text
source.domain
The domain name of the source system. This value may be a host name, a fully qualified domain name, or another host naming format. The value may derive from the original event or be added from enrichment.
keyword
source.geo.city_name
City name.
keyword
source.geo.continent_name
Name of the continent.
keyword
source.geo.country_iso_code
Country ISO code.
keyword
source.geo.country_name
Country name.
keyword
source.geo.location
Longitude and latitude.
geo_point
source.geo.name
User-defined description of a location, at the level of granularity they care about. Could be the name of their data centers, the floor number, if this describes a local physical entity, city names. Not typically used in automated geolocation.
keyword
source.geo.region_iso_code
Region ISO code.
keyword
source.geo.region_name
Region name.
keyword
source.ip
IP address of the source (IPv4 or IPv6).
ip
source.port
Port of the source.
long
tags
List of keywords used to tag each event.
keyword

An example event for firewall looks as following:

{
    "@timestamp": "2019-10-30T13:52:42.191Z",
    "agent": {
        "ephemeral_id": "da5a2e43-d26c-4ee3-bbf3-ad9d9ab853ec",
        "id": "08bce509-f1bf-4b71-8b6b-b8965e7a733b",
        "name": "docker-fleet-agent",
        "type": "filebeat",
        "version": "8.2.3"
    },
    "cloud": {
        "availability_zone": "us-east1-b",
        "project": {
            "id": "test-beats"
        },
        "provider": "gcp",
        "region": "us-east1"
    },
    "data_stream": {
        "dataset": "gcp.firewall",
        "namespace": "ep",
        "type": "logs"
    },
    "destination": {
        "address": "10.42.0.2",
        "domain": "test-windows",
        "ip": "10.42.0.2",
        "port": 3389
    },
    "ecs": {
        "version": "8.3.0"
    },
    "elastic_agent": {
        "id": "08bce509-f1bf-4b71-8b6b-b8965e7a733b",
        "snapshot": false,
        "version": "8.2.3"
    },
    "event": {
        "action": "firewall-rule",
        "agent_id_status": "verified",
        "category": "network",
        "created": "2022-06-28T02:47:26.097Z",
        "dataset": "gcp.firewall",
        "id": "1f21ciqfpfssuo",
        "ingested": "2022-06-28T02:47:27Z",
        "kind": "event",
        "type": "connection"
    },
    "gcp": {
        "destination": {
            "instance": {
                "project_id": "test-beats",
                "region": "us-east1",
                "zone": "us-east1-b"
            },
            "vpc": {
                "project_id": "test-beats",
                "subnetwork_name": "windows-isolated",
                "vpc_name": "windows-isolated"
            }
        },
        "firewall": {
            "rule_details": {
                "action": "ALLOW",
                "direction": "INGRESS",
                "ip_port_info": [
                    {
                        "ip_protocol": "TCP",
                        "port_range": [
                            "3389"
                        ]
                    }
                ],
                "priority": 1000,
                "source_range": [
                    "0.0.0.0/0"
                ],
                "target_tag": [
                    "allow-rdp"
                ]
            }
        }
    },
    "input": {
        "type": "gcp-pubsub"
    },
    "log": {
        "logger": "projects/test-beats/logs/compute.googleapis.com%2Ffirewall"
    },
    "network": {
        "community_id": "1:OdLB9eXsBDLz8m97ao4LepX6q+4=",
        "direction": "inbound",
        "iana_number": "6",
        "name": "windows-isolated",
        "transport": "tcp",
        "type": "ipv4"
    },
    "related": {
        "ip": [
            "192.168.2.126",
            "10.42.0.2"
        ]
    },
    "rule": {
        "name": "network:windows-isolated/firewall:windows-isolated-allow-rdp"
    },
    "source": {
        "address": "192.168.2.126",
        "geo": {
            "continent_name": "Asia",
            "country_name": "omn"
        },
        "ip": "192.168.2.126",
        "port": 64853
    },
    "tags": [
        "forwarded",
        "gcp-firewall"
    ]
}

VPC Flow

The vpcflow dataset collects logs sent from and received by VM instances, including instances used as GKE nodes.

Exported fields

FieldDescriptionType
@timestamp
Event timestamp.
date
cloud.account.id
The cloud account or organization id used to identify different entities in a multi-tenant environment. Examples: AWS account id, Google Cloud ORG Id, or other unique identifier.
keyword
cloud.availability_zone
Availability zone in which this host is running.
keyword
cloud.image.id
Image ID for the cloud instance.
keyword
cloud.instance.id
Instance ID of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.instance.name
Instance name of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.machine.type
Machine type of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.project.id
Name of the project in Google Cloud.
keyword
cloud.provider
Name of the cloud provider. Example values are aws, azure, gcp, or digitalocean.
keyword
cloud.region
Region in which this host is running.
keyword
container.id
Unique container id.
keyword
container.image.name
Name of the image the container was built on.
keyword
container.labels
Image labels.
object
container.name
Container name.
keyword
container.runtime
Runtime managing this container.
keyword
data_stream.dataset
Data stream dataset.
constant_keyword
data_stream.namespace
Data stream namespace.
constant_keyword
data_stream.type
Data stream type.
constant_keyword
destination.address
Some event destination addresses are defined ambiguously. The event will sometimes list an IP, a domain or a unix socket. You should always store the raw address in the .address field. Then it should be duplicated to .ip or .domain, depending on which one it is.
keyword
destination.as.number
Unique number allocated to the autonomous system. The autonomous system number (ASN) uniquely identifies each network on the Internet.
long
destination.as.organization.name
Organization name.
keyword
destination.as.organization.name.text
Multi-field of destination.as.organization.name.
match_only_text
destination.domain
The domain name of the destination system. This value may be a host name, a fully qualified domain name, or another host naming format. The value may derive from the original event or be added from enrichment.
keyword
destination.geo.city_name
City name.
keyword
destination.geo.continent_name
Name of the continent.
keyword
destination.geo.country_iso_code
Country ISO code.
keyword
destination.geo.country_name
Country name.
keyword
destination.geo.location
Longitude and latitude.
geo_point
destination.geo.name
User-defined description of a location, at the level of granularity they care about. Could be the name of their data centers, the floor number, if this describes a local physical entity, city names. Not typically used in automated geolocation.
keyword
destination.geo.region_iso_code
Region ISO code.
keyword
destination.geo.region_name
Region name.
keyword
destination.ip
IP address of the destination (IPv4 or IPv6).
ip
destination.port
Port of the destination.
long
ecs.version
ECS version this event conforms to. ecs.version is a required field and must exist in all events. When querying across multiple indices -- which may conform to slightly different ECS versions -- this field lets integrations adjust to the schema version of the events.
keyword
event.action
The action captured by the event. This describes the information in the event. It is more specific than event.category. Examples are group-add, process-started, file-created. The value is normally defined by the implementer.
keyword
event.category
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the second level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.category represents the "big buckets" of ECS categories. For example, filtering on event.category:process yields all events relating to process activity. This field is closely related to event.type, which is used as a subcategory. This field is an array. This will allow proper categorization of some events that fall in multiple categories.
keyword
event.created
event.created contains the date/time when the event was first read by an agent, or by your pipeline. This field is distinct from @timestamp in that @timestamp typically contain the time extracted from the original event. In most situations, these two timestamps will be slightly different. The difference can be used to calculate the delay between your source generating an event, and the time when your agent first processed it. This can be used to monitor your agent's or pipeline's ability to keep up with your event source. In case the two timestamps are identical, @timestamp should be used.
date
event.dataset
Event dataset
constant_keyword
event.end
event.end contains the date when the event ended or when the activity was last observed.
date
event.id
Unique ID to describe the event.
keyword
event.ingested
Timestamp when an event arrived in the central data store. This is different from @timestamp, which is when the event originally occurred. It's also different from event.created, which is meant to capture the first time an agent saw the event. In normal conditions, assuming no tampering, the timestamps should chronologically look like this: @timestamp < event.created < event.ingested.
date
event.kind
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the highest level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.kind gives high-level information about what type of information the event contains, without being specific to the contents of the event. For example, values of this field distinguish alert events from metric events. The value of this field can be used to inform how these kinds of events should be handled. They may warrant different retention, different access control, it may also help understand whether the data coming in at a regular interval or not.
keyword
event.module
Event module
constant_keyword
event.original
Raw text message of entire event. Used to demonstrate log integrity or where the full log message (before splitting it up in multiple parts) may be required, e.g. for reindex. This field is not indexed and doc_values are disabled. It cannot be searched, but it can be retrieved from _source. If users wish to override this and index this field, please see Field data types in the Elasticsearch Reference.
keyword
event.outcome
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the lowest level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.outcome simply denotes whether the event represents a success or a failure from the perspective of the entity that produced the event. Note that when a single transaction is described in multiple events, each event may populate different values of event.outcome, according to their perspective. Also note that in the case of a compound event (a single event that contains multiple logical events), this field should be populated with the value that best captures the overall success or failure from the perspective of the event producer. Further note that not all events will have an associated outcome. For example, this field is generally not populated for metric events, events with event.type:info, or any events for which an outcome does not make logical sense.
keyword
event.start
event.start contains the date when the event started or when the activity was first observed.
date
event.type
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the third level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.type represents a categorization "sub-bucket" that, when used along with the event.category field values, enables filtering events down to a level appropriate for single visualization. This field is an array. This will allow proper categorization of some events that fall in multiple event types.
keyword
gcp.destination.instance.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.instance.region
Region of the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.instance.zone
Zone of the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.vpc.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.destination.vpc.subnetwork_name
Subnetwork on which the VM is operating.
keyword
gcp.destination.vpc.vpc_name
VPC on which the VM is operating.
keyword
gcp.source.instance.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.instance.region
Region of the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.instance.zone
Zone of the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.vpc.project_id
ID of the project containing the VM.
keyword
gcp.source.vpc.subnetwork_name
Subnetwork on which the VM is operating.
keyword
gcp.source.vpc.vpc_name
VPC on which the VM is operating.
keyword
gcp.vpcflow.reporter
The side which reported the flow. Can be either 'SRC' or 'DEST'.
keyword
gcp.vpcflow.rtt.ms
Latency as measured (for TCP flows only) during the time interval. This is the time elapsed between sending a SEQ and receiving a corresponding ACK and it contains the network RTT as well as the application related delay.
long
host.architecture
Operating system architecture.
keyword
host.containerized
If the host is a container.
boolean
host.domain
Name of the domain of which the host is a member. For example, on Windows this could be the host's Active Directory domain or NetBIOS domain name. For Linux this could be the domain of the host's LDAP provider.
keyword
host.hostname
Hostname of the host. It normally contains what the hostname command returns on the host machine.
keyword
host.id
Unique host id. As hostname is not always unique, use values that are meaningful in your environment. Example: The current usage of beat.name.
keyword
host.ip
Host ip addresses.
ip
host.mac
Host mac addresses.
keyword
host.name
Name of the host. It can contain what hostname returns on Unix systems, the fully qualified domain name, or a name specified by the user. The sender decides which value to use.
keyword
host.os.build
OS build information.
keyword
host.os.codename
OS codename, if any.
keyword
host.os.family
OS family (such as redhat, debian, freebsd, windows).
keyword
host.os.kernel
Operating system kernel version as a raw string.
keyword
host.os.name
Operating system name, without the version.
keyword
host.os.name.text
Multi-field of host.os.name.
text
host.os.platform
Operating system platform (such centos, ubuntu, windows).
keyword
host.os.version
Operating system version as a raw string.
keyword
host.type
Type of host. For Cloud providers this can be the machine type like t2.medium. If vm, this could be the container, for example, or other information meaningful in your environment.
keyword
input.type
Input type
keyword
log.file.path
Full path to the log file this event came from, including the file name. It should include the drive letter, when appropriate. If the event wasn't read from a log file, do not populate this field.
keyword
log.logger
The name of the logger inside an application. This is usually the name of the class which initialized the logger, or can be a custom name.
keyword
log.offset
Log offset
long
message
For log events the message field contains the log message, optimized for viewing in a log viewer. For structured logs without an original message field, other fields can be concatenated to form a human-readable summary of the event. If multiple messages exist, they can be combined into one message.
match_only_text
network.bytes
Total bytes transferred in both directions. If source.bytes and destination.bytes are known, network.bytes is their sum.
long
network.community_id
A hash of source and destination IPs and ports, as well as the protocol used in a communication. This is a tool-agnostic standard to identify flows. Learn more at https://github.com/corelight/community-id-spec.
keyword
network.direction
Direction of the network traffic. Recommended values are: * ingress * egress * inbound * outbound * internal * external * unknown When mapping events from a host-based monitoring context, populate this field from the host's point of view, using the values "ingress" or "egress". When mapping events from a network or perimeter-based monitoring context, populate this field from the point of view of the network perimeter, using the values "inbound", "outbound", "internal" or "external". Note that "internal" is not crossing perimeter boundaries, and is meant to describe communication between two hosts within the perimeter. Note also that "external" is meant to describe traffic between two hosts that are external to the perimeter. This could for example be useful for ISPs or VPN service providers.
keyword
network.iana_number
IANA Protocol Number (https://www.iana.org/assignments/protocol-numbers/protocol-numbers.xhtml). Standardized list of protocols. This aligns well with NetFlow and sFlow related logs which use the IANA Protocol Number.
keyword
network.name
Name given by operators to sections of their network.
keyword
network.packets
Total packets transferred in both directions. If source.packets and destination.packets are known, network.packets is their sum.
long
network.transport
Same as network.iana_number, but instead using the Keyword name of the transport layer (udp, tcp, ipv6-icmp, etc.) The field value must be normalized to lowercase for querying.
keyword
network.type
In the OSI Model this would be the Network Layer. ipv4, ipv6, ipsec, pim, etc The field value must be normalized to lowercase for querying.
keyword
related.hash
All the hashes seen on your event. Populating this field, then using it to search for hashes can help in situations where you're unsure what the hash algorithm is (and therefore which key name to search).
keyword
related.hosts
All hostnames or other host identifiers seen on your event. Example identifiers include FQDNs, domain names, workstation names, or aliases.
keyword
related.ip
All of the IPs seen on your event.
ip
related.user
All the user names or other user identifiers seen on the event.
keyword
rule.name
The name of the rule or signature generating the event.
keyword
source.address
Some event source addresses are defined ambiguously. The event will sometimes list an IP, a domain or a unix socket. You should always store the raw address in the .address field. Then it should be duplicated to .ip or .domain, depending on which one it is.
keyword
source.as.number
Unique number allocated to the autonomous system. The autonomous system number (ASN) uniquely identifies each network on the Internet.
long
source.as.organization.name
Organization name.
keyword
source.as.organization.name.text
Multi-field of source.as.organization.name.
match_only_text
source.bytes
Bytes sent from the source to the destination.
long
source.domain
The domain name of the source system. This value may be a host name, a fully qualified domain name, or another host naming format. The value may derive from the original event or be added from enrichment.
keyword
source.geo.city_name
City name.
keyword
source.geo.continent_name
Name of the continent.
keyword
source.geo.country_iso_code
Country ISO code.
keyword
source.geo.country_name
Country name.
keyword
source.geo.location
Longitude and latitude.
geo_point
source.geo.name
User-defined description of a location, at the level of granularity they care about. Could be the name of their data centers, the floor number, if this describes a local physical entity, city names. Not typically used in automated geolocation.
keyword
source.geo.region_iso_code
Region ISO code.
keyword
source.geo.region_name
Region name.
keyword
source.ip
IP address of the source (IPv4 or IPv6).
ip
source.packets
Packets sent from the source to the destination.
long
source.port
Port of the source.
long
tags
List of keywords used to tag each event.
keyword

An example event for vpcflow looks as following:

{
    "@timestamp": "2019-06-14T03:50:10.845Z",
    "agent": {
        "ephemeral_id": "cb760ad9-6bf9-465b-9022-e5de8df2ba82",
        "id": "08bce509-f1bf-4b71-8b6b-b8965e7a733b",
        "name": "docker-fleet-agent",
        "type": "filebeat",
        "version": "8.2.3"
    },
    "cloud": {
        "availability_zone": "us-east1-b",
        "project": {
            "id": "my-sample-project"
        },
        "provider": "gcp",
        "region": "us-east1"
    },
    "data_stream": {
        "dataset": "gcp.vpcflow",
        "namespace": "ep",
        "type": "logs"
    },
    "destination": {
        "address": "10.139.99.242",
        "domain": "elasticsearch",
        "ip": "10.139.99.242",
        "port": 9200
    },
    "ecs": {
        "version": "8.3.0"
    },
    "elastic_agent": {
        "id": "08bce509-f1bf-4b71-8b6b-b8965e7a733b",
        "snapshot": false,
        "version": "8.2.3"
    },
    "event": {
        "agent_id_status": "verified",
        "category": "network",
        "created": "2022-06-28T02:48:14.443Z",
        "dataset": "gcp.vpcflow",
        "end": "2019-06-14T03:49:51.821056075Z",
        "id": "ut8lbrffooxz5",
        "ingested": "2022-06-28T02:48:15Z",
        "kind": "event",
        "start": "2019-06-14T03:40:20.510622432Z",
        "type": "connection"
    },
    "gcp": {
        "destination": {
            "instance": {
                "project_id": "my-sample-project",
                "region": "us-east1",
                "zone": "us-east1-b"
            },
            "vpc": {
                "project_id": "my-sample-project",
                "subnetwork_name": "default",
                "vpc_name": "default"
            }
        },
        "source": {
            "instance": {
                "project_id": "my-sample-project",
                "region": "us-east1",
                "zone": "us-east1-b"
            },
            "vpc": {
                "project_id": "my-sample-project",
                "subnetwork_name": "default",
                "vpc_name": "default"
            }
        },
        "vpcflow": {
            "reporter": "DEST",
            "rtt": {
                "ms": 201
            }
        }
    },
    "input": {
        "type": "gcp-pubsub"
    },
    "log": {
        "logger": "projects/my-sample-project/logs/compute.googleapis.com%2Fvpc_flows"
    },
    "network": {
        "bytes": 11773,
        "community_id": "1:FYaJFSEAKLcBCMFoT6sR5TMHf/s=",
        "direction": "internal",
        "iana_number": "6",
        "name": "default",
        "packets": 94,
        "transport": "tcp",
        "type": "ipv4"
    },
    "related": {
        "ip": [
            "67.43.156.13",
            "10.139.99.242"
        ]
    },
    "source": {
        "address": "67.43.156.13",
        "as": {
            "number": 35908
        },
        "bytes": 11773,
        "domain": "kibana",
        "geo": {
            "continent_name": "Asia",
            "country_iso_code": "BT",
            "country_name": "Bhutan",
            "location": {
                "lat": 27.5,
                "lon": 90.5
            }
        },
        "ip": "67.43.156.13",
        "packets": 94,
        "port": 33576
    },
    "tags": [
        "forwarded",
        "gcp-vpcflow"
    ]
}

DNS

The dns dataset collects queries that name servers resolve for your Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) networks, as well as queries from an external entity directly to a public zone.

Exported fields

FieldDescriptionType
@timestamp
Event timestamp.
date
cloud.account.id
The cloud account or organization id used to identify different entities in a multi-tenant environment. Examples: AWS account id, Google Cloud ORG Id, or other unique identifier.
keyword
cloud.availability_zone
Availability zone in which this host is running.
keyword
cloud.image.id
Image ID for the cloud instance.
keyword
cloud.instance.id
Instance ID of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.instance.name
Instance name of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.machine.type
Machine type of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.project.id
Name of the project in Google Cloud.
keyword
cloud.provider
Name of the cloud provider. Example values are aws, azure, gcp, or digitalocean.
keyword
cloud.region
Region in which this host is running.
keyword
container.id
Unique container id.
keyword
container.image.name
Name of the image the container was built on.
keyword
container.labels
Image labels.
object
container.name
Container name.
keyword
data_stream.dataset
Data stream dataset.
constant_keyword
data_stream.namespace
Data stream namespace.
constant_keyword
data_stream.type
Data stream type.
constant_keyword
destination.address
Some event destination addresses are defined ambiguously. The event will sometimes list an IP, a domain or a unix socket. You should always store the raw address in the .address field. Then it should be duplicated to .ip or .domain, depending on which one it is.
keyword
destination.ip
IP address of the destination (IPv4 or IPv6).
ip
dns.answers
An array containing an object for each answer section returned by the server. The main keys that should be present in these objects are defined by ECS. Records that have more information may contain more keys than what ECS defines. Not all DNS data sources give all details about DNS answers. At minimum, answer objects must contain the data key. If more information is available, map as much of it to ECS as possible, and add any additional fields to the answer objects as custom fields.
object
dns.answers.class
The class of DNS data contained in this resource record.
keyword
dns.answers.data
The data describing the resource. The meaning of this data depends on the type and class of the resource record.
keyword
dns.answers.name
The domain name to which this resource record pertains. If a chain of CNAME is being resolved, each answer's name should be the one that corresponds with the answer's data. It should not simply be the original question.name repeated.
keyword
dns.answers.ttl
The time interval in seconds that this resource record may be cached before it should be discarded. Zero values mean that the data should not be cached.
long
dns.answers.type
The type of data contained in this resource record.
keyword
dns.question.name
The name being queried. If the name field contains non-printable characters (below 32 or above 126), those characters should be represented as escaped base 10 integers (\DDD). Back slashes and quotes should be escaped. Tabs, carriage returns, and line feeds should be converted to \t, \r, and \n respectively.
keyword
dns.question.registered_domain
The highest registered domain, stripped of the subdomain. For example, the registered domain for "foo.example.com" is "example.com". This value can be determined precisely with a list like the public suffix list (http://publicsuffix.org). Trying to approximate this by simply taking the last two labels will not work well for TLDs such as "co.uk".
keyword
dns.question.subdomain
The subdomain is all of the labels under the registered_domain. If the domain has multiple levels of subdomain, such as "sub2.sub1.example.com", the subdomain field should contain "sub2.sub1", with no trailing period.
keyword
dns.question.top_level_domain
The effective top level domain (eTLD), also known as the domain suffix, is the last part of the domain name. For example, the top level domain for example.com is "com". This value can be determined precisely with a list like the public suffix list (http://publicsuffix.org). Trying to approximate this by simply taking the last label will not work well for effective TLDs such as "co.uk".
keyword
dns.question.type
The type of record being queried.
keyword
dns.resolved_ip
Array containing all IPs seen in answers.data. The answers array can be difficult to use, because of the variety of data formats it can contain. Extracting all IP addresses seen in there to dns.resolved_ip makes it possible to index them as IP addresses, and makes them easier to visualize and query for.
ip
dns.response_code
The DNS response code.
keyword
ecs.version
ECS version this event conforms to. ecs.version is a required field and must exist in all events. When querying across multiple indices -- which may conform to slightly different ECS versions -- this field lets integrations adjust to the schema version of the events.
keyword
event.created
event.created contains the date/time when the event was first read by an agent, or by your pipeline. This field is distinct from @timestamp in that @timestamp typically contain the time extracted from the original event. In most situations, these two timestamps will be slightly different. The difference can be used to calculate the delay between your source generating an event, and the time when your agent first processed it. This can be used to monitor your agent's or pipeline's ability to keep up with your event source. In case the two timestamps are identical, @timestamp should be used.
date
event.dataset
Event dataset
constant_keyword
event.id
Unique ID to describe the event.
keyword
event.ingested
Timestamp when an event arrived in the central data store. This is different from @timestamp, which is when the event originally occurred. It's also different from event.created, which is meant to capture the first time an agent saw the event. In normal conditions, assuming no tampering, the timestamps should chronologically look like this: @timestamp < event.created < event.ingested.
date
event.kind
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the highest level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.kind gives high-level information about what type of information the event contains, without being specific to the contents of the event. For example, values of this field distinguish alert events from metric events. The value of this field can be used to inform how these kinds of events should be handled. They may warrant different retention, different access control, it may also help understand whether the data coming in at a regular interval or not.
keyword
event.module
Event module
constant_keyword
event.original
Raw text message of entire event. Used to demonstrate log integrity or where the full log message (before splitting it up in multiple parts) may be required, e.g. for reindex. This field is not indexed and doc_values are disabled. It cannot be searched, but it can be retrieved from _source. If users wish to override this and index this field, please see Field data types in the Elasticsearch Reference.
keyword
event.outcome
This is one of four ECS Categorization Fields, and indicates the lowest level in the ECS category hierarchy. event.outcome simply denotes whether the event represents a success or a failure from the perspective of the entity that produced the event. Note that when a single transaction is described in multiple events, each event may populate different values of event.outcome, according to their perspective. Also note that in the case of a compound event (a single event that contains multiple logical events), this field should be populated with the value that best captures the overall success or failure from the perspective of the event producer. Further note that not all events will have an associated outcome. For example, this field is generally not populated for metric events, events with event.type:info, or any events for which an outcome does not make logical sense.
keyword
gcp.dns.auth_answer
Authoritative answer.
boolean
gcp.dns.destination_ip
Destination IP address, only applicable for forwarding cases.
ip
gcp.dns.egress_error
Egress proxy error.
keyword
gcp.dns.protocol
Protocol TCP or UDP.
keyword
gcp.dns.query_name
DNS query name.
keyword
gcp.dns.query_type
DNS query type.
keyword
gcp.dns.rdata
DNS answer in presentation format, truncated to 260 bytes.
keyword
gcp.dns.response_code
Response code.
keyword
gcp.dns.server_latency
Server latency.
integer
gcp.dns.source_ip
Source IP address of the query.
ip
gcp.dns.source_network
Source network of the query.
keyword
gcp.dns.vm_instance_id
Compute Engine VM instance ID, only applicable to queries initiated by Compute Engine VMs.
keyword
gcp.dns.vm_instance_name
Compute Engine VM instance name, only applicable to queries initiated by Compute Engine VMs.
keyword
gcp.dns.vm_project_id
Google Cloud project ID, only applicable to queries initiated by Compute Engine VMs.
keyword
gcp.dns.vm_zone_name
Google Cloud VM zone, only applicable to queries initiated by Compute Engine VMs.
keyword
host.architecture
Operating system architecture.
keyword
host.containerized
If the host is a container.
boolean
host.domain
Name of the domain of which the host is a member. For example, on Windows this could be the host's Active Directory domain or NetBIOS domain name. For Linux this could be the domain of the host's LDAP provider.
keyword
host.hostname
Hostname of the host. It normally contains what the hostname command returns on the host machine.
keyword
host.id
Unique host id. As hostname is not always unique, use values that are meaningful in your environment. Example: The current usage of beat.name.
keyword
host.ip
Host ip addresses.
ip
host.mac
Host mac addresses.
keyword
host.name
Name of the host. It can contain what hostname returns on Unix systems, the fully qualified domain name, or a name specified by the user. The sender decides which value to use.
keyword
host.os.build
OS build information.
keyword
host.os.codename
OS codename, if any.
keyword
host.os.family
OS family (such as redhat, debian, freebsd, windows).
keyword
host.os.kernel
Operating system kernel version as a raw string.
keyword
host.os.name
Operating system name, without the version.
keyword
host.os.name.text
Multi-field of host.os.name.
text
host.os.platform
Operating system platform (such centos, ubuntu, windows).
keyword
host.os.version
Operating system version as a raw string.
keyword
host.type
Type of host. For Cloud providers this can be the machine type like t2.medium. If vm, this could be the container, for example, or other information meaningful in your environment.
keyword
input.type
Input type
keyword
log.logger
The name of the logger inside an application. This is usually the name of the class which initialized the logger, or can be a custom name.
keyword
log.offset
Log offset
long
network.transport
Same as network.iana_number, but instead using the Keyword name of the transport layer (udp, tcp, ipv6-icmp, etc.) The field value must be normalized to lowercase for querying.
keyword
source.address
Some event source addresses are defined ambiguously. The event will sometimes list an IP, a domain or a unix socket. You should always store the raw address in the .address field. Then it should be duplicated to .ip or .domain, depending on which one it is.
keyword
source.ip
IP address of the source (IPv4 or IPv6).
ip
tags
List of keywords used to tag each event.
keyword

An example event for dns looks as following:

{
    "@timestamp": "2022-01-23T09:16:05.341Z",
    "agent": {
        "ephemeral_id": "0b86920e-9dac-4b22-91c8-e594b22a00b4",
        "id": "08bce509-f1bf-4b71-8b6b-b8965e7a733b",
        "name": "docker-fleet-agent",
        "type": "filebeat",
        "version": "8.2.3"
    },
    "cloud": {
        "availability_zone": "europe-west2-a",
        "instance": {
            "id": "8340998530665147",
            "name": "instance"
        },
        "project": {
            "id": "project"
        },
        "provider": "gcp",
        "region": "europe-west2"
    },
    "data_stream": {
        "dataset": "gcp.dns",
        "namespace": "ep",
        "type": "logs"
    },
    "dns": {
        "answers": [
            {
                "class": "IN",
                "data": "127.0.0.1",
                "name": "elastic.co",
                "ttl": "300",
                "type": "A"
            }
        ],
        "question": {
            "name": "elastic.co",
            "registered_domain": "elastic.co",
            "top_level_domain": "co",
            "type": "A"
        },
        "resolved_ip": [
            "127.0.0.1"
        ],
        "response_code": "NOERROR"
    },
    "ecs": {
        "version": "8.3.0"
    },
    "elastic_agent": {
        "id": "08bce509-f1bf-4b71-8b6b-b8965e7a733b",
        "snapshot": false,
        "version": "8.2.3"
    },
    "event": {
        "agent_id_status": "verified",
        "created": "2022-06-28T02:46:41.230Z",
        "dataset": "gcp.dns",
        "id": "vwroyze8pg7y",
        "ingested": "2022-06-28T02:46:42Z",
        "kind": "event",
        "outcome": "success"
    },
    "gcp": {
        "dns": {
            "auth_answer": true,
            "protocol": "UDP",
            "query_name": "elastic.co.",
            "query_type": "A",
            "rdata": "elastic.co.\t300\tIN\ta\t127.0.0.1",
            "response_code": "NOERROR",
            "server_latency": 14,
            "source_ip": "10.154.0.3",
            "source_network": "default",
            "vm_instance_id": "8340998530665147",
            "vm_instance_name": "694119234537.instance",
            "vm_project_id": "project",
            "vm_zone_name": "europe-west2-a"
        }
    },
    "input": {
        "type": "gcp-pubsub"
    },
    "log": {
        "logger": "projects/project/logs/dns.googleapis.com%2Fdns_queries"
    },
    "network": {
        "transport": "udp"
    },
    "source": {
        "address": "10.154.0.3",
        "ip": "10.154.0.3"
    },
    "tags": [
        "forwarded",
        "gcp-dns"
    ]
}

Metrics

Billing

The billing dataset collects GCP Billing information from Google Cloud BigQuery daily cost detail table.

Exported fields

FieldDescriptionType
@timestamp
Event timestamp.
date
cloud
Fields related to the cloud or infrastructure the events are coming from.
group
cloud.account.id
The cloud account or organization id used to identify different entities in a multi-tenant environment. Examples: AWS account id, Google Cloud ORG Id, or other unique identifier.
keyword
cloud.account.name
The cloud account name or alias used to identify different entities in a multi-tenant environment. Examples: AWS account name, Google Cloud ORG display name.
keyword
cloud.availability_zone
Availability zone in which this host is running.
keyword
cloud.image.id
Image ID for the cloud instance.
keyword
cloud.instance.id
Instance ID of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.instance.name
Instance name of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.machine.type
Machine type of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.project.id
Name of the project in Google Cloud.
keyword
cloud.provider
Name of the cloud provider. Example values are aws, azure, gcp, or digitalocean.
keyword
cloud.region
Region in which this host is running.
keyword
container.id
Unique container id.
keyword
container.image.name
Name of the image the container was built on.
keyword
container.labels
Image labels.
object
container.name
Container name.
keyword
data_stream.dataset
Data stream dataset.
constant_keyword
data_stream.namespace
Data stream namespace.
constant_keyword
data_stream.type
Data stream type.
constant_keyword
ecs.version
ECS version this event conforms to. ecs.version is a required field and must exist in all events. When querying across multiple indices -- which may conform to slightly different ECS versions -- this field lets integrations adjust to the schema version of the events.
keyword
error
These fields can represent errors of any kind. Use them for errors that happen while fetching events or in cases where the event itself contains an error.
group
error.message
Error message.
match_only_text
event.dataset
Event dataset
constant_keyword
event.module
Event module
constant_keyword
gcp.billing.billing_account_id
Project Billing Account ID.
keyword
gcp.billing.cost_type
Cost types include regular, tax, adjustment, and rounding_error.
keyword
gcp.billing.invoice_month
Billing report month.
keyword
gcp.billing.project_id
Project ID of the billing report belongs to.
keyword
gcp.billing.project_name
Project Name of the billing report belongs to.
keyword
gcp.billing.total
Total billing amount.
float
host.architecture
Operating system architecture.
keyword
host.containerized
If the host is a container.
boolean
host.domain
Name of the domain of which the host is a member. For example, on Windows this could be the host's Active Directory domain or NetBIOS domain name. For Linux this could be the domain of the host's LDAP provider.
keyword
host.hostname
Hostname of the host. It normally contains what the hostname command returns on the host machine.
keyword
host.id
Unique host id. As hostname is not always unique, use values that are meaningful in your environment. Example: The current usage of beat.name.
keyword
host.ip
Host ip addresses.
ip
host.mac
Host mac addresses.
keyword
host.name
Name of the host. It can contain what hostname returns on Unix systems, the fully qualified domain name, or a name specified by the user. The sender decides which value to use.
keyword
host.os.build
OS build information.
keyword
host.os.codename
OS codename, if any.
keyword
host.os.family
OS family (such as redhat, debian, freebsd, windows).
keyword
host.os.kernel
Operating system kernel version as a raw string.
keyword
host.os.name
Operating system name, without the version.
keyword
host.os.name.text
Multi-field of host.os.name.
text
host.os.platform
Operating system platform (such centos, ubuntu, windows).
keyword
host.os.version
Operating system version as a raw string.
keyword
host.type
Type of host. For Cloud providers this can be the machine type like t2.medium. If vm, this could be the container, for example, or other information meaningful in your environment.
keyword
service.type
The type of the service data is collected from. The type can be used to group and correlate logs and metrics from one service type. Example: If logs or metrics are collected from Elasticsearch, service.type would be elasticsearch.
keyword

An example event for billing looks as following:

{
    "@timestamp": "2017-10-12T08:05:34.853Z",
    "cloud": {
        "account": {
            "id": "01475F-5B1080-1137E7"
        },
        "project": {
            "id": "elastic-bi",
            "name": "elastic-containerlib-prod"
        },
        "provider": "gcp"
    },
    "event": {
        "dataset": "gcp.billing",
        "duration": 115000,
        "module": "gcp"
    },
    "gcp": {
        "billing": {
            "billing_account_id": "01475F-5B1080-1137E7",
            "cost_type": "regular",
            "invoice_month": "202106",
            "project_id": "containerlib-prod-12763",
            "project_name": "elastic-containerlib-prod",
            "total": 4717.170681
        }
    },
    "metricset": {
        "name": "billing",
        "period": 10000
    },
    "service": {
        "type": "gcp"
    }
}

Compute

The compute dataset is designed to fetch metrics for Compute Engine Virtual Machines in Google Cloud Platform.

Exported fields

FieldDescriptionType
@timestamp
Event timestamp.
date
cloud
Fields related to the cloud or infrastructure the events are coming from.
group
cloud.account.id
The cloud account or organization id used to identify different entities in a multi-tenant environment. Examples: AWS account id, Google Cloud ORG Id, or other unique identifier.
keyword
cloud.account.name
The cloud account name or alias used to identify different entities in a multi-tenant environment. Examples: AWS account name, Google Cloud ORG display name.
keyword
cloud.availability_zone
Availability zone in which this host is running.
keyword
cloud.image.id
Image ID for the cloud instance.
keyword
cloud.instance.id
Instance ID of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.instance.name
Instance name of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.machine.type
Machine type of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.project.id
Name of the project in Google Cloud.
keyword
cloud.provider
Name of the cloud provider. Example values are aws, azure, gcp, or digitalocean.
keyword
cloud.region
Region in which this host is running.
keyword
container.id
Unique container id.
keyword
container.image.name
Name of the image the container was built on.
keyword
container.labels
Image labels.
object
container.name
Container name.
keyword
data_stream.dataset
Data stream dataset.
constant_keyword
data_stream.namespace
Data stream namespace.
constant_keyword
data_stream.type
Data stream type.
constant_keyword
ecs.version
ECS version this event conforms to. ecs.version is a required field and must exist in all events. When querying across multiple indices -- which may conform to slightly different ECS versions -- this field lets integrations adjust to the schema version of the events.
keyword
error
These fields can represent errors of any kind. Use them for errors that happen while fetching events or in cases where the event itself contains an error.
group
error.message
Error message.
match_only_text
event.dataset
Event dataset
constant_keyword
event.module
Event module
constant_keyword
gcp.compute.firewall.dropped.bytes
Incoming bytes dropped by the firewall
long
gcp.compute.firewall.dropped_packets_count.value
Incoming packets dropped by the firewall
long
gcp.compute.instance.cpu.reserved_cores.value
Number of cores reserved on the host of the instance
double
gcp.compute.instance.cpu.usage.pct
The fraction of the allocated CPU that is currently in use on the instance
double
gcp.compute.instance.cpu.usage_time.sec
Usage for all cores in seconds
double
gcp.compute.instance.disk.read.bytes
Count of bytes read from disk
long
gcp.compute.instance.disk.read_ops_count.value
Count of disk read IO operations
long
gcp.compute.instance.disk.write.bytes
Count of bytes written to disk
long
gcp.compute.instance.disk.write_ops_count.value
Count of disk write IO operations
long
gcp.compute.instance.memory.balloon.ram_size.value
The total amount of memory in the VM. This metric is only available for VMs that belong to the e2 family.
long
gcp.compute.instance.memory.balloon.ram_used.value
Memory currently used in the VM. This metric is only available for VMs that belong to the e2 family.
long
gcp.compute.instance.memory.balloon.swap_in.bytes
The amount of memory read into the guest from its own swap space. This metric is only available for VMs that belong to the e2 family.
long
gcp.compute.instance.memory.balloon.swap_out.bytes
The amount of memory written from the guest to its own swap space. This metric is only available for VMs that belong to the e2 family.
long
gcp.compute.instance.network.egress.bytes
Count of bytes sent over the network
long
gcp.compute.instance.network.egress.packets.count
Count of packets sent over the network
long
gcp.compute.instance.network.ingress.bytes
Count of bytes received from the network
long
gcp.compute.instance.network.ingress.packets.count
Count of packets received from the network
long
gcp.compute.instance.uptime.sec
Number of seconds the VM has been running.
long
gcp.compute.instance.uptime_total.sec
Elapsed time since the VM was started, in seconds. Sampled every 60 seconds. After sampling, data is not visible for up to 120 seconds.
long
gcp.labels.metadata.*
object
gcp.labels.metrics.*
object
gcp.labels.resource.*
object
gcp.labels.system.*
object
gcp.labels.user.*
object
gcp.metrics.*.*.*.*
Metrics that returned from Google Cloud API query.
object
host.architecture
Operating system architecture.
keyword
host.containerized
If the host is a container.
boolean
host.domain
Name of the domain of which the host is a member. For example, on Windows this could be the host's Active Directory domain or NetBIOS domain name. For Linux this could be the domain of the host's LDAP provider.
keyword
host.hostname
Hostname of the host. It normally contains what the hostname command returns on the host machine.
keyword
host.id
Unique host id. As hostname is not always unique, use values that are meaningful in your environment. Example: The current usage of beat.name.
keyword
host.ip
Host ip addresses.
ip
host.mac
Host mac addresses.
keyword
host.name
Name of the host. It can contain what hostname returns on Unix systems, the fully qualified domain name, or a name specified by the user. The sender decides which value to use.
keyword
host.os.build
OS build information.
keyword
host.os.codename
OS codename, if any.
keyword
host.os.family
OS family (such as redhat, debian, freebsd, windows).
keyword
host.os.kernel
Operating system kernel version as a raw string.
keyword
host.os.name
Operating system name, without the version.
keyword
host.os.name.text
Multi-field of host.os.name.
text
host.os.platform
Operating system platform (such centos, ubuntu, windows).
keyword
host.os.version
Operating system version as a raw string.
keyword
host.type
Type of host. For Cloud providers this can be the machine type like t2.medium. If vm, this could be the container, for example, or other information meaningful in your environment.
keyword
service.type
The type of the service data is collected from. The type can be used to group and correlate logs and metrics from one service type. Example: If logs or metrics are collected from Elasticsearch, service.type would be elasticsearch.
keyword

An example event for compute looks as following:

{
    "@timestamp": "2017-10-12T08:05:34.853Z",
    "cloud": {
        "account": {
            "id": "elastic-obs-integrations-dev",
            "name": "elastic-obs-integrations-dev"
        },
        "instance": {
            "id": "4751091017865185079",
            "name": "gke-cluster-1-default-pool-6617a8aa-5clh"
        },
        "machine": {
            "type": "e2-medium"
        },
        "provider": "gcp",
        "availability_zone": "us-central1-c",
        "region": "us-central1"
    },
    "event": {
        "dataset": "gcp.compute",
        "duration": 115000,
        "module": "gcp"
    },
    "gcp": {
        "compute": {
            "firewall": {
                "dropped": {
                    "bytes": 421
                },
                "dropped_packets_count": {
                    "value": 4
                }
            },
            "instance": {
                "cpu": {
                    "reserved_cores": {
                        "value": 1
                    },
                    "usage": {
                        "pct": 0.07259952346383708
                    },
                    "usage_time": {
                        "sec": 4.355971407830225
                    }
                },
                "memory": {
                    "balloon": {
                        "ram_size": {
                            "value": 4128378880
                        },
                        "ram_used": {
                            "value": 2190848000
                        },
                        "swap_in": {
                            "bytes": 0
                        },
                        "swap_out": {
                            "bytes": 0
                        }
                    }
                },
                "uptime": {
                    "sec": 60.00000000000091
                }
            }
        },
        "labels": {
            "user": {
                "goog-gke-node": ""
            }
        }
    },
    "host": {
        "id": "4751091017865185079",
        "name": "gke-cluster-1-default-pool-6617a8aa-5clh"
    },
    "metricset": {
        "name": "compute",
        "period": 10000
    },
    "service": {
        "type": "gcp"
    }
}

Firestore

The firestore dataset fetches metrics from Firestore in Google Cloud Platform.

Exported fields

FieldDescriptionType
@timestamp
Event timestamp.
date
cloud
Fields related to the cloud or infrastructure the events are coming from.
group
cloud.account.id
The cloud account or organization id used to identify different entities in a multi-tenant environment. Examples: AWS account id, Google Cloud ORG Id, or other unique identifier.
keyword
cloud.account.name
The cloud account name or alias used to identify different entities in a multi-tenant environment. Examples: AWS account name, Google Cloud ORG display name.
keyword
cloud.availability_zone
Availability zone in which this host is running.
keyword
cloud.image.id
Image ID for the cloud instance.
keyword
cloud.instance.id
Instance ID of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.instance.name
Instance name of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.machine.type
Machine type of the host machine.
keyword
cloud.project.id
Name of the project in Google Cloud.
keyword
cloud.provider
Name of the cloud provider. Example values are aws, azure, gcp, or digitalocean.
keyword
cloud.region
Region in which this host, resource, or service is located.
keyword
container.id
Unique container id.
keyword
container.image.name
Name of the image the container was built on.
keyword
container.labels
Image labels.
object
container.name
Container name.
keyword
data_stream.dataset
Data stream dataset.
constant_keyword
data_stream.namespace
Data stream namespace.
constant_keyword
data_stream.type
Data stream type.
constant_keyword
ecs.version
ECS version this event conforms to. ecs.version is a required field and must exist in all events. When querying across multiple indices -- which may conform to slightly different ECS versions -- this field lets integrations adjust to the schema version of the events.
keyword
error
These fields can represent errors of any kind. Use them for errors that happen while fetching events or in cases where the event itself contains an error.
group
error.message
Error message.
match_only_text
event.dataset
Event dataset
constant_keyword
event.module
Event module
constant_keyword
gcp.firestore.document.delete.count
The number of successful document deletes.
long
gcp.firestore.document.read.count
The number of successful document reads from queries or lookups.
long
gcp.firestore.document.write.count
The number of successful document writes.
long
gcp.labels.metadata.*
object
gcp.labels.metrics.*
object
gcp.labels.resource.*
object
gcp.labels.system.*
object
gcp.labels.user.*
object
gcp.metrics.*.*.*.*
Metrics that returned from Google Cloud API query.
object
host.architecture
Operating system architecture.
keyword
host.containerized
If the host is a container.
boolean
host.domain
Name of the domain of which the host is a member. For example, on Windows this could be the host's Active Directory domain or NetBIOS domain name. For Linux this could be the domain of the host's LDAP provider.
keyword
host.hostname
Hostname of the host. It normally contains what the hostname command returns on the host machine.
keyword
host.id
Unique host id. As hostname is not always unique, use values that are meaningful in your environment. Example: The current usage of beat.name.
keyword
host.ip
Host ip addresses.
ip
host.mac
Host mac addresses.
keyword
host.name
Name of the host. It can contain what hostname returns on Unix systems, the fully qualified domain name, or a name specified by the user. The sender decides which value to use.
keyword
host.os.build
OS build information.
keyword
host.os.codename
OS codename, if any.
keyword
host.os.family
OS family (such as redhat, debian, freebsd, windows).
keyword
host.os.kernel
Operating system kernel version as a raw string.
keyword
host.os.name
Operating system name, without the version.
keyword
host.os.name.text
Multi-field of host.os.name.
text
host.os.platform
Operating system platform (such centos, ubuntu, windows).
keyword
host.os.version
Operating system version as a raw string.
keyword
host.type
Type of host. For Cloud providers this can be the machine type like t2.medium. If vm, this could be the container, for example, or other information meaningful in your environment.
keyword
service.type
The type of the service data is collected from. The type can be used to group and correlate logs and metrics from one service type. Example: If logs or metrics are collected from Elasticsearch, service.type would be elasticsearch.
keyword

An example event for firestore looks as following:

{
    "@timestamp": "2017-10-12T08:05:34.853Z",
    "cloud": {
        "account": {
            "id": "elastic-obs-integrations-dev",
            "name": "elastic-obs-integrations-dev"
        },
        "instance": {
            "id": "4751091017865185079",
            "name": "gke-cluster-1-default-pool-6617a8aa-5clh"
        },
        "machine": {
            "type": "e2-medium"
        },
        "provider": "gcp",
        "availability_zone": "us-central1-c",
        "region": "us-central1"
    },
    "event": {
        "dataset": "gcp.firestore",
        "duration": 115000,
        "module": "gcp"
    },
    "gcp": {
        "firestore": {
            "document": {
                "delete": {
                    "count": 3
                },
                "read": {
                    "count": 10
                },
                "write": {
                    "count": 1
                }
            }
        },
        "labels": {
            "user": {
                "goog-gke-node": ""
            }
        }
    },
    "host": {
        "id": "4751091017865185079",
        "name": "gke-cluster-1-default-pool-6617a8aa-5clh"
    },
    "metricset": {
        "name": "firestore",
        "period": 10000
    },
    "service": {
        "type": "gcp"
    }
}

Changelog

VersionDetails
2.2.1
Enhancement View pull request
Fix Billing policy template title and default period for gcp.compute
2.2.0
Enhancement View pull request
Remove fields duplicated in ECS fields
2.1.0
Enhancement View pull request
restore compatibility with 7.17 release track
2.0.0
Breaking change View pull request
Move configurations to support metrics. This change is breaking, as it moves
some configuration from the top level variables to data stream variables.

This change involves project_id, credentials_file and credentials_json variables that are moved from input level configuration to package level configuration (as those variables are reused across all inputs/data streams).

Users with GCP integration enabled will need to input values for these variables again when upgrading the policies to this version.

Enhancement View pull request
Add GCP Billing Data Stream

Enhancement View pull request
Add GCP Compute Data Stream

Enhancement View pull request
Add GCP Firestore Data stream| | 1.10.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Update package to ECS 8.3.0.| | 1.9.2 | Bug fix View pull request
Fix GCP auditlog parsing issue on response status| | 1.9.1 | Enhancement View pull request
Update readme| | 1.9.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Preserve request and response in flattened fields.| | 1.8.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Add missing cloud.provider field.| | 1.7.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Add dashboards for firewall and vpc flow logs.

Bug fix View pull request
Add missing mappings for several event.* fields.| | 1.6.1 | Enhancement View pull request
Clarify the GCP privileges required by the Pub/Sub input.| | 1.6.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Update to ECS 8.2| | 1.5.1 | Enhancement View pull request
Add documentation for multi-fields| | 1.5.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Improve Google Cloud Platform docs.| | 1.4.2 | Bug fix View pull request
Remove emtpy values, names with only dots, and invalid client IPs.| | 1.4.1 | Bug fix View pull request
Fix quoting of the credentials_json value in policy templates.| | 1.4.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Add gcp.dns integration| | 1.3.1 | Bug fix View pull request
Add Ingest Pipeline script to map IANA Protocol Numbers| | 1.3.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Update to ECS 8.0| | 1.2.2 | Bug fix View pull request
Regenerate test files using the new GeoIP database| | 1.2.1 | Bug fix View pull request
Change test public IPs to the supported subset| | 1.2.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Add 8.0.0 version constraint| | 1.1.2 | Enhancement View pull request
Update Title and Description.| | 1.1.1 | Bug fix View pull request
Fix logic that checks for the 'forwarded' tag| | 1.1.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Update to ECS 1.12.0| | 1.0.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Move from experimental to GA

Enhancement View pull request
remove experimental from data_sets| | 0.3.3 | Enhancement View pull request
Convert to generated ECS fields| | 0.3.2 | Enhancement View pull request
update to ECS 1.11.0| | 0.3.1 | Enhancement View pull request
Escape special characters in docs| | 0.3.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Update integration description| | 0.2.0 | Enhancement View pull request
Set "event.module" and "event.dataset"| | 0.1.0 | Enhancement View pull request
update to ECS 1.10.0 and adding event.original options| | 0.0.2 | Enhancement View pull request
update to ECS 1.9.0| | 0.0.1 | Enhancement View pull request
initial release|